Fate Therapeutics Announces Preclinical Publication Highlighting Derivation of CD8αβ T Cells from TCR-CAR+ Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
TCR-CAR+ iPSC-derived CD8αβ T Cells Induced Complete and Durable Responses In Vivo in Systemic Leukemia Model
Cell-surface Markers, Gene Transcription Profile, and In Vivo Anti-tumor Activity of TCR-CAR+ iPSC-derived CD8αβ T Cells Compared Favorably with Healthy-donor Peripheral Blood CAR T Cells
Phase 1 Study Ongoing of First-ever iPSC-derived T-cell Product Candidate FT819 for Off-the-shelf Treatment of Patients with Relapsed / Refractory B-cell Malignancies
“Scientists have previously differentiated induced pluripotent stem cells to form CAR T cells, however, it was observed that premature αβTCR or constitutive CAR expression resulted in the derivation of innate-like T cells that do not acquire the phenotype nor exhibit the function of conventional CD8αβ T cells,” said Dr. Sadelain. “Our published findings are the first to show the generation of iPSC-derived CD8αβ CAR T cells lacking a TCR, where timed and calibrated expression of the CAR in place of the TCR successfully drove T-cell maturation and promoted the acquisition of a transcriptional and functional profile more closely resembling that of natural CD8αβ T cells.”
The mass production of TCR-CAR+ CD8αβ T cells from master engineered iPSC lines is a promising approach for development of off-the-shelf, cell-based cancer immunotherapies. Through a systematic assessment of factors that affect T-cell lineage commitment and induce adaptive T-cell formation, the researchers discovered that integrating the CAR construct into the TRAC locus delayed its expression and drove T-cell lineage commitment, and that regulation of CAR signaling strength promoted the generation of CD4+CD8+ double-positive cells mimicking thymic development in the absence of a TCR. Subsequent stimulation of the CAR matured the double-positive population into single-positive CD8αβ T cells with a phenotype highly correlated with peripheral blood CD8αβ effector T cells and distinct from γδ T cells and natural killer cells. Preclinical studies showed that iPSC-derived TCR-CAR+ CD8αβ T cells were able to repeatedly lyse tumor cells in vitro and durably control leukemia in vivo, with persistence in the bone marrow, spleen, and blood, in a systemic NALM6 leukemia model.
“These published findings continue to support our unique ability to generate TCR-CAR+ CD8αβ T cells from master engineered iPSC lines that exhibit a phenotypic profile and anti-tumor activity comparable to healthy donor-derived peripheral blood CAR T cells in preclinical model systems,” said
The Company is conducting a multicenter Phase 1 study of FT819, the first T-cell therapy manufactured from a clonal master iPSC line to undergo clinical investigation. The product candidate’s clonal engineered master iPSC line is created from a single iPSC that has a novel CD19-targeted 1XX CAR construct integrated into the TRAC locus, ensuring complete bi-allelic disruption of TCR expression to prevent graft-versus-host disease and promoting uniform CAR expression for enhanced anti-tumor activity. Dose escalation is currently ongoing in single-dose and multi-dose escalation cohorts for relapsed / refractory B-cell malignancies.
Pursuant to a license agreement with MSK,
About Fate Therapeutics’ iPSC Product Platform
The Company’s proprietary induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) product platform enables mass production of off-the-shelf, engineered, homogeneous cell products that are designed to be administered with multiple doses to deliver more effective pharmacologic activity, including in combination with other cancer treatments. Human iPSCs possess the unique dual properties of unlimited self-renewal and differentiation potential into all cell types of the body. The Company’s first-of-kind approach involves engineering human iPSCs in a one-time genetic modification event and selecting a single engineered iPSC for maintenance as a clonal master iPSC line. Analogous to master cell lines used to manufacture biopharmaceutical drug products such as monoclonal antibodies, clonal master iPSC lines are a renewable source for manufacturing cell therapy products which are well-defined and uniform in composition, can be mass produced at significant scale in a cost-effective manner, and can be delivered off-the-shelf for patient treatment. As a result, the Company’s platform is uniquely designed to overcome numerous limitations associated with the production of cell therapies using patient- or donor-sourced cells, which is logistically complex and expensive and is subject to batch-to-batch and cell-to-cell variability that can affect clinical safety and efficacy. Fate Therapeutics’ iPSC product platform is supported by an intellectual property portfolio of over 350 issued patents and 150 pending patent applications.
FT819 is an investigational, universal, off-the-shelf, T-cell receptor (TCR)-less CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell cancer immunotherapy derived from a clonal master induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) line, which is engineered with the following features designed to improve the safety and efficacy of CAR19 T-cell therapy: a novel 1XX CAR signaling domain, which has been shown to extend T-cell effector function without eliciting exhaustion; integration of the CAR19 transgene directly into the T-cell receptor alpha constant (TRAC) locus, which has been shown to promote uniform CAR19 expression and enhanced T-cell potency; and complete bi-allelic disruption of TCR expression for the prevention of graft-versus-host disease. FT819 demonstrated antigen-specific cytolytic activity in vitro against CD19-expressing leukemia and lymphoma cell lines comparable to that of primary CAR T cells, and persisted and maintained tumor clearance in the bone marrow in an in vivo disseminated xenograft model of lymphoblastic leukemia. FT819 is being investigated in a multicenter Phase 1 clinical trial for the treatment of relapsed / refractory B-cell malignancies, including B-cell lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (NCT04629729).
This release contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 including statements regarding the advancement of and plans related to the Company's product candidates, clinical studies and preclinical research and development programs, the Company’s progress, plans and timelines for the manufacture and clinical investigation of its product candidates, the Company’s initiation and continuation of enrollment in its clinical trials including additional dose cohorts in ongoing clinical trials of its product candidates, the therapeutic and market potential of the Company’s product candidates, and the Company’s clinical development strategy, including for its product candidate FT819. These and any other forward-looking statements in this release are based on management's current expectations of future events and are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially and adversely from those set forth in or implied by such forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, the risk that the Company’s product candidates may not demonstrate the requisite safety or efficacy to warrant further development or to achieve regulatory approval, the risk that results observed in prior studies of the Company’s product candidates, including preclinical studies and clinical trials, will not be observed in ongoing or future studies involving these product candidates, the risk of a delay or difficulties in the manufacturing of the Company’s product candidates or in the initiation and conduct of, or enrollment of patients in, any clinical trials, the risk that the Company may cease or delay preclinical or clinical development of any of its product candidates for a variety of reasons (including requirements that may be imposed by regulatory authorities on the initiation or conduct of clinical trials, changes in the therapeutic, regulatory, or competitive landscape for which the Company’s product candidates are being developed, the amount and type of data to be generated or otherwise to support regulatory approval, difficulties or delays in patient enrollment and continuation in the Company’s ongoing and planned clinical trials, difficulties in manufacturing or supplying the Company’s product candidates for clinical testing, and any adverse events or other negative results that may be observed during preclinical or clinical development), the risk that results observed in preclinical studies of FT819 may not be replicated in ongoing or future clinical trials, and the risk that FT819 may not produce therapeutic benefits or may cause other unanticipated adverse effects. For a discussion of other risks and uncertainties, and other important factors, any of which could cause the Company’s actual results to differ from those contained in the forward-looking statements, see the risks and uncertainties detailed in the Company’s periodic filings with the
Stern Investor Relations, Inc.
Source: Fate Therapeutics, Inc.